Fitness, Wellness

Hypertension


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hypertension, hypotension, stress, blood pressureHypertension affects about 1 in 4 Canadian adults, and becomes more common as people age, resulting in many negative health implications. (June 2018) Recent studies are showing that the prevalence is increasing, and that the control rates for those with hypertension remain low. At any level of high blood pressure, the risks of cardiovascular disease are increased.  Cardiovascular disease are also related to the presence of other risk factors.  Evidence shows that endurance exercise training can reduce the rise in BP that can be expected in individuals with increased risk of developing hypertension.  Long term studies show that endurance training can have an average reduction of 5 -7mmHg in both systolic and diastolic BP with Stage I or II hypertension.

For hypertension control or overall cardiovascular risk reduction, or both it is recommended that individuals make the following lifestyle modifications:

  • weight loss if overweight
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Perform aerobic physical activity, such as brisk walking for at least 30 minutes, most days.
  • Follow dietary guidelines, increased vegetables, reduced salt, saturated fats, etc.
  • Stop smoking

 

Adapted from ACSM’s Exercise Management for Persons with Chronic Diseases and Disabilities -Human Kinetics

http://www.heartandstroke.ca

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca

 

Fitness

Common gym clothing Mistakes


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Wearing the right clothing, with the right gear as well as practicing good hygiene, makes a difference between a productive workout session and discomfort or misery.

Jewel provides fitness instruction to client

Wear Moisture-Wicking Clothing

When you’re working up a sweat at the gym, stay cool and comfortable in moisture-wicking clothes. That is fabrics made of polyester and Lycra blends. They cost more than your regular cotton t-shirt, but will last longer, dry faster and keep you comfortable throughout your workout.  Wear a performance t-shirt that is designed to draw sweat away from your body and to the outer surface.

Wear Proper Fitting Clothing

Workout clothing that is too big is functionally worse to wear to the gym. Clothes that are too loose can be bulky and constrict your movement or can get in the way in different positions. Clothing that is too tight can feel restrictive and binding.  Choose materials, such as a nylon-elastane mix, that gives you freedom during exercise and provides a very comfortable fit without being too tight.

No Cologne/Fragrance in the Gym

Fragrances tend to linger and carry in closed environments, such as the gym. Your perfume-marinated sweat can induce headaches around the gym. Ensure your workout clothes are washed daily.

No flip-flops at the Gym

The footwear you choose for a workout should provide proper support and protection to your feet. Wearing appropriate footwear actually reduces your risk of injury and improves your physical performance. Choose shoes that provide the support you need for the workout of your choice. Make sure they fit you properly.

No Jewelry at the Gym

Get in the habit of taking off your jewelry and storing them in the locker or leaving them at home before a gym session.  Not only is jewelry unnecessary at the gym, it is unsafe. Whether you’re wearing chains, watches, bracelets or ring, you risk injuring yourself and damaging jewelry by banging metal against metal or snagging it on a machine.

Worried about the precautions at the gyms? Hire a personal trainer to make the journey easier.

Wellness

Women & Weight Training


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Women’s muscle grow larger and stronger until about 30, and then they start to lose muscle as they age.  As a muscle ages it not only decreases in size and strength, but also loses its aerobic capacity.  Thus, it leads to an overall decline in metabolic function.Jewel fitness workout with client

When contrasted with cardiovascular training, resistance training takes the lead because of the advantage of burning fat during and after exercise.  EPOC which is post-exercise oxygen consumption can occur for the hours- days after strength training.  The more oxygen consumption means the more calorie expenditure and increased metabolic rate.   Strength training greatly improves sleep quality, helping you to fall asleep faster, sleep deeper and wake less often during the night.

Studies published by the National Institute for Health suggests that even a minimal resistance training session has a positive effect on energy balance and fat oxidation.   Weight training can reduce the risk of heart disease (heart disease and stroke is the number one cause pf premature death for women in Canada) by decreasing the risk factors such as a larger waist circumference, high triglycerides, elevated blood pressure and elevated glucose levels.  Weight training contributes to bone health.  Resistance training helps to combat muscle loss, but also bone loss decreasing the risk of developing osteoporosis.  The earlier a woman begins weight training, the greater chance to maintain bone health in later life.   Researchers have found that women who strength train regularly manage stress better and cope better in stressful situations.

https://www.bodybuilding.com/content/8-reasons-women-should-lift-weights.html

https://www.webmd.com/healthy-aging/guide/sarcopenia-with-aging#1

 

Healthy Recipes

Miso Soup with Sea Greens


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If you’ve even gone out for sushi — or any traditional Japanese restaurant in that matter — you’ve probably come across miso soup. It is a tasty, hot, umami-flavour salty soup that embraces you with its warmth and comfort. It is a great palate cleanser and starter to your meal. We will explore that in this post!

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